CRLFDOT (filter)

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The ''CRLFDOT'' filter is useful for data I/O in such protocols as POP3 and SMTP.   
The ''CRLFDOT'' filter is useful for data I/O in such protocols as POP3 and SMTP.   
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In [[MU_FILTER_ENCODE|encode]] mode, this filter replaces each LF ('\n' or ASCII 10) character by CRLF ("\r\n", ASCII 13 10), and "[[byte-stuffing|byte-stuffs]]" the output by producing an additional '.' in front of any '.' appearing at the beginning of a line in input. Upon end of input, it outputs additional ".\r\n".
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In [[MU_FILTER_ENCODE|encode]] mode, this filter replaces each LF ('\n' or ASCII 10) character by CRLF ("\r\n", ASCII 13 10), and "[[byte-stuffing|byte-stuffs]]" the output by producing an additional '.' in front of any '.' appearing at the beginning of a line in input. Upon end of input, it outputs additional ".\r\n", if the last output character was "\n", or "\r\n.\r\n" otherwise.
If created with the <tt>-n</tt> option, it preserves each CRLF input sequence untranslated, thereby "normalizing" the output (hence the option name).
If created with the <tt>-n</tt> option, it preserves each CRLF input sequence untranslated, thereby "normalizing" the output (hence the option name).

Revision as of 16:52, 16 December 2017

The CRLFDOT filter is useful for data I/O in such protocols as POP3 and SMTP.

In encode mode, this filter replaces each LF ('\n' or ASCII 10) character by CRLF ("\r\n", ASCII 13 10), and "byte-stuffs" the output by producing an additional '.' in front of any '.' appearing at the beginning of a line in input. Upon end of input, it outputs additional ".\r\n", if the last output character was "\n", or "\r\n.\r\n" otherwise.

If created with the -n option, it preserves each CRLF input sequence untranslated, thereby "normalizing" the output (hence the option name).

When decoding, the reverse is performed: each CRLF is replaced by a single LF byte, and additional dots are removed from beginning of lines. A single dot on a line by itself marks the end of the stream and causes the filter to return EOF.

See also

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